Hot Water Burn Injuries
Each year, an estimated 99,000 children aged 14 and under are treated in hospital emergency rooms for burn-related injuries. In addition to children, the risk is of burns is great to the elderly and infirm. Of these injuries, nearly 26,000 are scald burns, most often in bathtubs. A bathtub scald burn covers typically covers 12% of the body surface with a full thickness third degree burn. Children, do not see the danger, and may not have the ability to escape a life-threatening burn situation. These scald burns occur most often at home and are the result of water in homes that is too hot, often around 140 and 160 degrees.
Overheated tap water is the result of a misadjusted hot water heater, which can be set to heat water to over 150° F. One second of exposure to water at 160° F will trigger third degree burns. At 130° F water will cause third degree burns in 30 seconds. At 120° F, it takes ten minutes of exposure to result in third degree burns. The Consumer Product Safety Commission states that water heaters be set to a maximum temperature of 120° F, a safer temperature for a home with children is 110° F which require 10 hours of exposure to result in serious burns.
In addition to being scalded by tap or bath water, toddlers, young children and the elderly are at risk form hot drinks and cooking pots on the stove.
Burns are among the most painful injuries a person can endure. Burn injuries are long to heal and may require long periods of rehabilitation, skin grafts, and physical therapy. In children especially there may be lasting emotional scars as well.
Remember: A child exposed to hot tap water at 140 degrees Fahrenheit for three seconds will sustain a third-degree burn, an injury requiring hospitalization and skin grafts. Some small child may not be able to survive the trauma.
If you or a loved one have been burned by hot water or liquid due to negligence of someone, please fill out the form below to get a free case assessment.
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